Excerpt from 'Deception, Cover-up and Murder in the Nuclear Age'- "Manhattan Project and Army staff, although they were in even greater danger from Trinity's intense radiation at close range, apparently largely escaped harmful exposures. How? They were instructed by their superiors to... follow 'protective measures' such as closing windows, staying indoors, and even breathing through a slice of bread!" more
February 12, 2013 - North Korea Conducts its Third Nuclear Test - Did 'Pollux,' U.S.'s December Subcritical Nuclear Test, Provoke North Korea?
December 19, 2012 - International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) Urges President Obama to Cancel Subcritical Nuclear Testing Program - the group, the winner of the 1985 Nobel Peace Prize, calls subcritical tests in their letter to Obama 'unnecessary and provocative' - letter
December 12, 2012 - Unreported by the Media: America's Nuclear Weapons Tests - The Truth is a "Bitter Pill" by Andrew Kishner (1044 words)
Earlier today, North Korea's state-run news agency issued a two-sentence statement via radio, joining critics in Iran and Japanese hibakusha and anti-nuclear activists who have condemned the U.S.'s December 5th subcritical nuclear experiment named 'Pollux.'
December 8, 2012 - Did POLLUX already cause provocation? 'Pakistan 'expanding nuclear arsenal to deter US attack''
December 7, 2012 - Nuclearcrimes.org's press release on POLLUX
December 6, 2012 - NNSA announced POLLUX was conducted on December 5
October 26, 2012 - The Relevance of CTBT @ USI of India
October 16, 2012 - DOE NNSA Confirms Castor (precursor to Pollux) conducted recently; Pollux to be held 'later this year' @ OneVoice Oct. 2012 newsletter
October 15, 2012 - Russia is 'restarting' subcritical nuclear testing at Novaya Zemlya; three strategic considerations - 'China Network' in this mid-October article argued that Russia is not resuming subcritical tests - because they never stopped - but rather has adopted a policy of highlighting and making more public the conduct of these tests to bolster the 'new look' of Russia's military doctrine. That doctrine now incorporates, says the article, a nuclear-first-strike component. Subcritical testing will ensure that Russia's smaller arsenal is working and reliable. The article notes that some non-nuclear weapons states are worried about these subcritical tests because they are being used simply to perpetuate the nuclear states' 'long-term nuclear monopoly,' and the CTBT would just be a formality of that. Finally, the article predicts that Russia's high-profile subcritical tests 'will boost a new round of the nuclear arms race.' (Translated passages via Google)
October 10, 2012 - Non-explosive Testing At Novaya Zemlya (article's author thinks nothing is new & that NG.ru isn't an 'expert' like them) @ TopWar.ru
October 5, 2012 - Russian Disarmament Expert Weighs in on Russia's New Subcritical Program
On October 5, Moscow radio station Radiovesti interviewed international security expert Vladimir Sotnikov, a Senior Fellow with the Center for International Security at Russia's IMEMO research institute, regarding the recent news confirmed by Jane's, a British publishing service, that Russia will resume its subcritical nuclear testing program at Novaya Zemlya. Sotnikov remarked that the U.S. has had a subcritical testing program for some time which he said has been useful for 'modernization,' which is taken to mean maintaining the reliability of the stockpile. Naturally, Russia feels compelled to take care of its own security needs and proceed with these subcritical nuclear tests for its own modernization plans.
October 5, 2012 - Issue Update: Subcritical Tests, by Andrew Lichterman, Fall 2012 @ Western States Legal Foundation
October 4, 2012 - Russian news website gives confirmation: subcritical nuclear tests to resume at Novaya Zemlya @ Lenta.ru
Lenta.ru, a Moscow-based news website, published an article on Thursday titled 'Without Violating the Treaty: Russia Resumes Subcritical Nuclear Tests,' noting that sources in Rosatom told Jane's Information Group, a British organization tracking military topics, that subcritical testing will indeed be resumed at the former Arctic nuclear test site. Hints were made late last month in Nezavisimaya Gazeta, a Russian newspaper, that subcritical experiments would be resumed. Rosatom, Russia's state atomic agency, would be conducting the tests in the archipelago's Matochkin Strait. Both the Lenta.ru and Nezavisimaya Gazeta articles mentioned that such experiments can be useful for developing new nuclear weapons. The Lenta.ru article also notes that the increased pace of subcritical testing is a sign that nuclear powers are in a new phase of the nuclear arms race; the U.S. has conducted 26 subcritical experiments since 1997, three of them since 2010.
Lenta.ru also published an abstract article about the story titled 'Russia resumes subcritical tests at Novaya Zemlya.' The abstract mentions U.S. plans for late this year to carry out 'Pollux.' This is the first time a Russian news source has mentioned 'Pollux' - a new kind of U.S. subcritical test - in the evolving discussion about plans for resumption of subcritical nuclear testing at Novaya Zemlya.
October 3, 2012 - Russia could resume subcritical nuclear bomb tests [in] Arctic, sources say @ Bellona
October 2, 2012 - Subcritical nuke tests may be resumed at Novaya Zemlya @ Barentsobserver
September 30, 2012 - Russia May Resume Subcritical Atomic Testing: Sources @ Global Security Newswire
September 30, 2012 - Revival of Nuclear Arms Race: US Conducts New Underground Nuclear Tests @ Globalresearch.ca (shorturl: http://bit.ly/SPXxqe) ; same article but with links
September 29, 2012 - Explosive nuclear experiments on plutonium the norm 20 years after U.S.'s last nuclear test (Powerpoint presentation; free)
September 25, 2012 - First U.S. Subcritical Nuclear Test Involving Warhead Mockup To Happen By Year's End
Click here to learn more about timing of Pollux
Recent history of U.S. subcritical testing
Sept. 14, 2009 - The DOE told Las Vegas newspaper about plans for 3 subcritical tests in fall (of 2009); plans canceled without notice
Sept. 15, 2010 - BACCHUS clandestinely conducted, first subcritical nuclear experiment by U.S. in 4 years
Sept. 16, 2010 - U.S. DOE puts out press release about Bacchus - the day after the test. This is first time the U.S. has broken with its voluntary policy of providing a 48-hour advance notice via the international media of all subcritical experiments. Five days later, we publish oped titled 'U.S. CONDUCTS SUBCRITICAL NUCLEAR TEST'
September 2010 NNSA Monthly News newsletter for September 2010 stated that "Bacchus" was part of a series of three tests - the others named "Barolo A" and "Barolo B" would take place in the 1st and 2nd quarters of the federal fiscal year (not calendar year) that started on October 1; these plans were thought to be canceled or delayed but in fact were carried without any verbal mention for over 6 months
Oct. 13, 2010 - Peace Watch Tower at the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park reset to reflect 'Bacchus' subcritical nuclear test conducted on Sept. 15; set to '28' days.
Oct. 18, 2010 - International news column of Rodong Sinmun, a daily newspaper in North Korea, takes note of U.S.'s latest subcritical nuclear test.
Oct. 18, 2010 - Oped at 'Our Daily Thread' points out the lack of social responsibility of the U.S. media and its blackout regarding latest subcritical test; our cartoon of the U.S. 2010 media blackout on Japan's protest here
Oct. 20, 2010 - Letter of objection to subcritical test printed in Resalat (Iranian newspaper)
Oct. 2010 - Letters from Mayors for Peace (pic), The National Confederation of Trade Unions (Zenroren) (here) and the Japanese Trade Union Confederation, or RENGO, arrive on Obama's desk in White House
Dec. 1, 2010 - DOE's NNSA Clandestinely Conducts Barolo A Subcritical Nuclear Experiment
Feb. 2, 2011 - DOE's NNSA Clandestinely Conducts Barolo B Subcritical Nuclear Experiment
June 17, 2011 - DOE unceremoniously mentions the two experiments (not by name, but indicated by two "1's") in a small table in a 3-page pdf file in a quarterly report
July 20, 2011 - Kyodo News pens article "U.S. conducted subcritical nuclear tests in Dec. and Feb." that is syndicated across Japan. Kyodo News apparently called up and got the information from the DOE's NNSA, noting in the article the tests were mentioned by 'an arm of the Energy Department [on] Tuesday [7.20.11].' As it did regarding Bacchus, the Japanese government decided to not lodge a formal protest.
July 20, 2011 - MAYORS FOR PEACE sends Letter of Protest to U.S. President Barack Obama
July 20, 2011 - Japan's Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretay (Mr. Fukuyama) was asked at a press conference about the U.S. subcritical test and Japan's reason for not protesting it: FUKUYAMA: '...in his Prague Speech, President Obama also talked about the maintenance of safe and effective nuclear weapons as long as these weapons exist in the world, and we understand that these tests are aligned with this stance.'
July 21, 2011 China's Xinhua News Agency writes article about subcritical test, noting the NNSA's unusual 5-month delay in its disclosure that only appeared in a quarterly report.
July 23, 2011 - Jean-Marie Collin, a French expert on defense issues, writes a blogpost titled 'Nuclear explosion? No, shooting in critical ...' that reads (translation:) 'This type of experience has many names. In France also known as cold shooting. This type of explosion does not cause chain reaction and is very low power. The objective is to validate the operating phase of the onset of the thermonuclear weapon...Transparency: It still exists but is becoming increasingly blurred anyway. Before (period 1997/2006), the firing was announced to various international bodies concerned 48 hours before their executions. But the firing was announced in September 2010 with a day late, for the last two shots, their achievements were revealed several months after ...France also conducts subcritical tests at the site of Moronvilliers (near Reims). As it will be closed, there are high chances that future experiments are conducted on the future complex created on the site Valduc.'
August 6, 2011 - Alicia Godsberg of Peace Action New York blogged about the proliferation risks associated with conducting these subcrits, arguing that "The value of sub–critical nuclear tests to the nuclear weapon states is questionable at best, but they would be valuable experiments for would–be nuclear weapon states, and that's why they should be banned under the CTBT and stopped immediately by the U.S. and Russia."
May 2012 - U.S. DOE budget reports mention funding in FY2012 for the 'Pollux Subcritical Experiment,' which was elaborated in a May 2012 report titled 'Supplement to Department of Energy Activities Relating to the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board, Fiscal Year 2011 Site-Specific Activities.' In that report, the DOE describes "The Gemini Project," which is a series of experiments that will make use of a newly completed radiographic facility at the NNSS. The main experiment of The Gemini Project is a first-ever (for the post-Cold War) 'scaled subcritical experiment with special nuclear material.' The scaled test, dubbed 'Pollux,' will be preceded by 'Castor,' a (non-nuclear) confirmatory experiment. A scaled subcritical experiment is one involving a fractional (non-full) scale model of a warhead primary. The date of the Pollux experiment is unannounced. When conducted this fall, 'Pollux' will be the 27th Subcritical Nuclear Experiment by the U.S. The U.S. Department of Energy conducted its 25th and 26th Subcritical Nuclear Experiment (SNE) in December 2010 and February 2011
September 25, 2012 - First U.S. Subcritical Nuclear Test Involving Warhead Mockup To Happen By Year's End
December 5, 2012 - U.S. NNSA conducts POLLUX
INDICATIONS OF WHEN THE U.S. WILL NEXT CONDUCT A SUBCRITICAL NUCLEAR TEST:
'Currently the Facility is in preparation for 2 SCEs scheduled for this calendar year - Castor and Pollux.'
- The federal calendar year for 2012 ends on October 1, 2012. A 'SCE' - also a 'SNE' - is subcritical nuclear experiment. The 'Pollux' event will be the SNE and 'Castor' will be a non-nuclear precursor test.
Source: LA-UR-12-21102 - 'P-23 Highlights 6/10/12: Cygnus Dual Beam Radiographic Facility Refurbishment completed at U1A tunnel in Nevada NNSS meeting Level 2 milestone'
'The next U.S. subcritical experiment is expected in fall 2012 or shortly thereafter ...In July 2012, NNSA stated that the next subcritical experiment is planned for fall 2012 or shortly thereafter.188'
'188 Information provided by National Nuclear Security Administration, Nevada Site Office, personal communication, July 10, 2012.'
Source: 'Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Background and Current Developments,' by Jonathan Medalia, Congressional Research Service, August 3, 2012
"The Gemini Project is part of the Stockpile Stewardship Program conducted in conjunction with Los Alamos National Laboratory and NSTec for the NNSA. The Gemini Project was designated by the NNSA Defense Programs Deputy Administrator as a high-priority demonstration that integrates a scaled subcritical experiment with special nuclear material. The experimental campaign is a first-of-a-kind demonstration...The final experiment (named Pollux) will include special nuclear material and is designed to deliver final experimental data in support of the Stockpile Stewardship Program. Final execution of these tests at NNSS is anticipated to be complete by the end of FY12."
Source: 'Supplement to Department of Energy Activities Relating to the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board, Fiscal Year 2011 Site-Specific Activities, May 2012,' http://www.hss.doe.gov/deprep/archive/documents/DOE-AR2012May-Supplement.pdf, pages 20-21
'The data [from Castor], I'm told, was exceptional and will go a long way in supporting the Pollux subcritical experiment later this year.' - Steve Mellington, (NNSA) NSO Manager
Source: 'OneVoice' Oct. 2012 newsletter link
What is a subcritical test? (Better yet, why is a subcritical test indeed a 'nuclear explosion'?)
Z-Machine tests - learn all about these subcritical tests conducted in New Mexico here
Subcritical experiments were first introduced in 1997, five years after the last U.S.-held nuclear test. For the next 13 years or so, the Energy Department adhered to a custom they originally initiated of providing a 48-hour advance notice to the international community before carrying out each test. The Department, however, dispensed with that courtesy in late 2010 when it made public the news it had conducted the 24th subcritical experiment, dubbed 'Bacchus,' the day before. Now, in an unprecedented underhanded and nontransparent move, the Energy Department has told the world that it carried out these SNEs months ago. CONTINUED
NuclearCrimes.org's PowerPoint Presentation on Barolo A+B Subcritical Tests
Action step for stopping subcritical tests
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