When it comes to the truth about radiation and health effects, there are no experts who are honest - not in government, not in science, not anywhere. Yet, people would rather listen to liars than challenge their assumptions about the sources of the so-called truth and disregard the purveyors of actual truth on this topic: the non-creditialed self-taught. - Andrew Kishner, May 18, 2013
You are reading from a free online e-book titled 'Deception, Cover-up and Murder in the Nuclear Age.' The book discusses the Trinity test, Hiroshima and Nagasaki, hydrogen bomb testing fallout, U.S. experiments done on Marshall Islanders (Project 4.1), the Irene Allen trial, Cosmos 954, the Fukushima meltdowns, Three Mile Island updates, and so much more. Visit the Table of Contents to find this free content.
Footnotes are located at the end of each chapter - press the (right facing) 'PAGE' button icon until you reach the footnotes page, or locate it via the table of contents
The preceding 'hypothetical conversation' raises the disturbing point that the kind of brutality that 'rogue nation' tyrants are often condemned for has also happened in democracies, and relatively recently with a flair of even greater vulgarity. In the United States, the government committed crimes against its own citizens via the negligent testing of WMDs and neither the power of the people nor all of their democratic institutions were of any help. None of the great tools of democracy meant to prevent or repel government abuse were effective in helping America's radiologically poisoned and dying victims. The victims were in the end fully neglected, left unhelped...just as unfree peoples in other parts of the globe were after being exposed to chemical weapons by command of their tyrannical leadership.
The first saga in the world's nuclear age, the 'Trinity' atom bomb test, is a perfect example. In Chapter 1 (Trinity in New Mexico to Atomic Attack in Japan), we contrast how the U.S. government helped its own scientists and employees to protect themselves from the dangerous effects of radioactive fallout from the Trinity blast with what the public was offered: nothing. The public was never given any warnings nor did they receive follow-up health advice, consultation or medical screenings. They were lied to. They were fed propaganda by their government. (But such crimes can only be repeated in democracies with the consent - or apathy - of the people. The people played their part in the successive sagas. When virtually no one independently investigated the possibility that the nuclear blast in New Mexico's desert called 'Trinity' may have had ill-effects on animal or human health or the environment (despite what their government alleged), it sealed the fate of successive groups of victims.) Just over five years after Trinity, in the Intermountain West, people started noticing that their lambs were literally lambs to an atomic slaughter as the U.S. government began testing nuclear bombs in the Nevada desert in 1951 that met with no protest. By 1953, sheep ranchers in Utah and Nevada began discovering that the health of their livestock was being damaged coinciding with radiation routinely traveling from upwind in the Nevada desert.
This is noted in a report by a U.S. Congressional committee: a Congressional study group's report in 1979 stated that in the same year as two Nevada desert atomic bomb tests, '11,710 sheep were grazing in an area from 40 miles north to 160 miles east of the test site. Of these sheep, 1,420 lambing ewes (12.1%) and 2,970 new lambs (25.4%) died during the spring and summer of 1953.' (p.3) The study committee concluded that exposure to radioactive fallout from a series of Nevada desert atomic bomb tests in 1953 'was, more likely than not, the cause of the 1953 sheep deaths in Utah and Nevada...' (p.13)
The affected sheep were grazing as far away as (and possibly farther than) 160 miles from the atomic bomb test site. It wasn't until a few years later that residents living within a similar and sometimes larger radius from the test site, all throughout the Intermountain West, began realizing that their health too was being impacted by the fallout from the bomb tests. As we chronicle in Chapter 2 (How Kodak film became more important than American lives), the same thing happened as with Trinity. It was a repeat occurrence. One set of health standards was used for government employees and a lesser standard applied to the general public. Although citizens put up a fight later on, it was no match for the legal and legislative obstacles set up by their own government. A multi-plaintiff lawsuit against the federal government ended with democratic disgrace as the judicial branch decreed - as kings once did - that government could do no harm. Citizens later put their hope for remedy in the legislative branch. Yet when Congress heard from a radiation compensation expert that every American with cancer - no matter their history - probably should be compensated with a federal monetary award because all Americans were 'hit' with a bad dose of radiation from Nevada A-bomb test fallout and the government was liable, they ran the other way. And when government health institutions stalled and sullied dose reconstruction studies, they kept looking the other way. Congress did point out that the U.S. corporation named Kodak was given warnings and fallout maps by the government that was never shared with the American people. Indeed, history proves that Kodak film did become more important than American lives.
The topic of Hiroshima and Nagasaki is weaved into the end of Chapter 1 as we investigate the litany of questions about the U.S.'s atomic attack on Japan that still don't have clear answers:
Are Hiroshima and Nagasaki still radioactive? How much 'hot' debris landed in Hiroshima and Nagasaki? If the fallout in Hiroshima and Nagasaki 'went with the winds,' where did it go?
If the U.S. government restricts access to the 'Trinity Site' (the still slightly radioactive place where the first atomic bomb was tested... including prohibiting collection of 'Trinitite' radioactive glass), then how are hundreds of thousands of people living (apparently) healthy lives today in the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki?
Why don't we hear about Japanese downwinders?
In Chapter 3 (Global fallout from nuclear testing), we look at the 500 pound gorilla in the room: that a prolonged global cancer epidemic may be related to the fact that 'nuclear club' governments blew up hydrogen bombs in remote areas of the Earth into air, sea and space, and no one told the global public about the dangers. With nuclear bombs pumping atomic debris into the upper atmosphere where storms would later 'tap' and rain down on Earth and its food supply, everyone on the globe became downwinders. It is not difficult to conceive that this was effectively a 'secret nuclear war.'
In Chapter 4 ('The U.S. nuclear weapons complex'), we take a look at the main branches of the U.S. nuclear weapons 'machine' that carried out or enabled the U.S. atmospheric nuclear testing program from 1945 to the mid 1960s. We look at the nature of work and radioactive releases that happened there and are still happening there. These entities, which are still advancing new nuclear weapons and still polluting the environment, remain the key conspirators in the evolving cover-up of the 'secret nuclear war.'
Chapter 5 and Chapter 6 ('Military radiation research experiments' and 'Rongelapese') discuss the tragic story of the guinea pigs who were chosen, abused, abandoned, and forever forgotten by the nuclear weapons complex. Chapters 7 and 8 ('The History and Future of Nuclear Powered Spacecraft' and 'Mighty Oak - Testing the Space-Based Nuclear Laser') carefully explore the risks and the poisons we all have unwittingly been dealt as a result of America's fascination during the Cold War with winning the nuclear weapons space race. The legacy of that era isn't over: re-entry and burn-up of nuclear powered spacecraft is probably as great or greater a radiological problem as reactor meltdowns in our future. Chapters 9 and 10 ('Subcritical Tests and What Really is a Nuclear Explosion' and 'The Real Scoop about Containment and Detection of Underground Nuclear Tests') address another very poorly understood radiological threat of the future: plumes from leaked underground nuclear tests, which will likely be provoked by a U.S. subcritical nuclear experiment and negatively affect the health of everyone in an entire hemisphere.
Chapters 11 and 12 ('The 'Bad Science' Behind Nuclear Reactor Operations' and 'Volatile Fukushima') focus on the physics of gaseous radioactive pollution. These two chapters explain how reactors pollute our air during routine operations and how the meltdowns at Fukushima physically propelled radioisotopes up into the air and across the globe. Chapters 13, 14 and 15 are part of a common theme titled 'Environmental Dangers from Cold War Legacy Radiation' and employ case studies (a Utah wildfire, an Australian dust storm, and a greedy American natural gas industry) to convey the point that pockets of contamination put on our planet are not contained and threaten us daily. Chapter 16 is the final chapter and builds on the technical knowledge gained from the book's case studies and lessons to discuss advanced environmental radiation monitoring. Although environmental radiation monitoring is one of the core recommendations made by other authors who have carefully examined the toll of radiation disasters, we include it as a solution only to deal with the symptoms of the problem. The conclusion of the book examines the meaning of self-government as a means of finally finding salvation from the biosphere's growing radioactive mess and worsening human public health tragedies that are symptomatic of the nuclear age.
We conclude this introduction with a question: Why do people believe in the myth that radiation is so weak a health threat that only very large quantities will do harm?.
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Believe it or not: U.S. Government Gave Secret Fallout Maps to Kodak, But Never to Americans | Unexploded Nuclear Bombs North of Las Vegas Could Still Detonate or Reach Criticality| Your Cremated Remains Would be 180 Times the Limit Allowable by the EPA for Beta Radiation in Drinking Water | Quaker Oats and Boston universities gave radioactive cereal to unwitting special needs children