When it comes to the truth about radiation and health effects, there are no experts who are honest - not in government, not in science, not anywhere. Yet, people would rather listen to liars than challenge their assumptions about the sources of the so-called truth and disregard the purveyors of actual truth on this topic: the non-creditialed self-taught. - Andrew Kishner, May 18, 2013
You are reading from a free online e-book titled 'Deception, Cover-up and Murder in the Nuclear Age.' The book discusses the Trinity test, Hiroshima and Nagasaki, hydrogen bomb testing fallout, U.S. experiments done on Marshall Islanders (Project 4.1), the Irene Allen trial, Cosmos 954, the Fukushima meltdowns, Three Mile Island updates, and so much more. Visit the Table of Contents to find this free content.
Footnotes are located at the end of each chapter - press the (right facing) 'PAGE' button icon until you reach the footnotes page, or locate it via the table of contents
This whole scenario is no different than moving a Western Shoshone tribe to Yucca Flat, removing some soil, throwing some fertilizer on the farming areas and telling them everything will be okay.
What to do?
A. We must consider that radiation victims - both those who were exposed from Bravo and those who weren't but lived in the radioactive environment of Rongelap from 1957-1983 - have compromised immune systems. They shouldn't be exposed to any unnecessary radiation.
The National Research Council's study titled Radiological Assessments for the Resettlement of Rongelap in the Republic of the Marshall Islands [1994, National Academies Press] states as a possible but 'extreme' solution the 'removal of the top 30-40 cm of soil from the island.' Although this 'extreme' measure wasn't recommended ('Such an extreme measure should be one of last resort') because it would have severe impacts on the environment (and topsoil likely wouldn't regrow for a long, long time), NC (NuclearCrimes) thinks this measure is the preferred one if resettlement is a high priority.
B. The idea of taking residence elsewhere (on OTHER ISLANDS) on the atoll in the future should be 100% discouraged. The Marshall Islands Journal article titled 'Home At Last' (Feb. 12, 2010) notes that "a segment of the population that has land rights on Eneaetok Island wants to move back to this unimproved island to the north of Rongelap Island. To meet this need will require houses in addition to the 40 planned and budgeted for. A new school and dispensary needs to be completed." Eneaetok Island, however, may have strontium-90 levels 150% that of Rongelap Island and no post-1978 sampling has occurred on Eneaetok.
C. Trust monies should be used for more extensive Sr90 soil sampling and Pu239/240 and Pu238 sampling of the 5-10cm and deeper soil stratas on Rongelap Island. Other radionuclides that should be tested for include Sb125, Zn65, Cr144, Pr144, and Bu155.
The U.S. government should grant all requests for radiological sampling and cleanup activities.
D. A list of all the radiological surveys of Rongelap Island that included soil sampling, as we have mentioned above, should be made readily available on DOE and RMI websites. Neither entity has mentioned and linked to most or all of the soil surveys.
E. Rongelapese must put safety above the prospect of tourism revenue and the allure of resettlement of their home island. They must complete a second comprehensive nationwide radiological study that doesn't mirror previous ones by DOE. A second study must test for (a) radionuclides that were tested by DOE but at depths never or rarely sampled, and (b) all long-lived radionuclides that were never or rarely tested by DOE, including Sr90.
F. It is impossible to construct dose without having reliable data on Sr90 uptake and concentration by plants and animals and also concentration in human bones/teeth. Both require data gathering of Strontium-90. This hasn't been adequately done.
The strontium-90 all over Rongelap Island hasn't been removed. Although 75% of it is gone due to decay, even with these lower levels we can assume that when and if Rongalepese return, their body strontium-90 levels may rise several times their 'normal' levels. All animals - fish, crabs, etc.. - are bioaccumulators of radiostrontium; they pool strontium-90 into their bodies at concentrations tens or hundreds of times levels found in vegetation. Who will stop the animals from foraging and hunting on Rongelap Island or, worse, other contaminated islands? How can islanders tell which crabs (or other animals, or even foods) are the most contaminated? How can they tell what are the animals' Sr90 levels? Or what Sr90 is even accumulating in their own bodies?? Rongelapese CAN NOT determine their strontium-90 body levels using a WHOLE BODY COUNTER, which only tracks gamma rays. LLNL's MIDARP website states: "The whole body counting systems installed in the Marshall Islands contain large volume sodium iodide radiation detectors that measure gamma rays coming from radionuclides deposited in the body." Strontium-90 DOES NOT emit gamma rays.9
G. The U.S. CDC notes that U.S. soils contain levels of plutonium from global fallout of about 0.01 to 0.1 pCi/g. Rongelap's soils contain anywhere from 40 to 400 times these levels. The Rongelapese must ask themselves if the American people and several leading scientists condemned and ultimately stopped Divine Strake, then why would the Rongelapese want to live on similarly contaminated soils (we have tried to make the case in this analysis that the Divine Strake GZ in Area 16 of the NTS is just as contaminated as Rongelap Island).
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